Jewish history in Croatia in the 20th century

Lecturer:
Naida-Michal Brandl, Assistant Professor

Sylabus:

Week 1: Introduction. Terminology, periodization, historiography.
Week 2: Central and Eastern Europe after the end of the First World War. Minority treaties. The breakdown of Austria-Hungary and the creation of the Kingdom of SHS / Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The new context of the Jewish communities in the new state.
Week 3: Organization of Jewish community in the Kingdom of SHS / Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Different Jewish organizations and their establishment and organization (women, youth, sport and professional organizations and alike). The position of Jewish community in the new state and state legislative.
Week 4: From polycentric Jewish communities in Croatia towards two major Jewish centers, Zagreb and Osijek. Jews as city dwellers. Upward mobility process. Jews as architect, builders and real estate developers. Jews as intellectuals.
Week 5: Economic and political crisis in Europe and changes in Jewish policies in Europe in 1930s. The case of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with the emphasis on the Banovina Hrvatska.
Week 6: Second World War and the Shoah.
Week 7: The creation of the NDH and anti-Jewish laws.
Week 8: The Shoah in the NDH.
Week 9: Field work: Tour of Jewish Zagreb and Mirogoj.
Week 10: The aftermath of the Shoah in Europe.
Week11: The creation of the communist Yugoslavia. Repatriation, the postwar activity of the Zagreb Jewish community, revival of Jewish communities, organizations and associations, renewed membership in different Jewish international organizations.
Week 12: The question of the communal, property of different Jewish organizations and associations as well as personal Jewish property. Aliyah 1948-1952. The adjustment of the Jewish community to the new political and social order.
Week 13: Field work: Croatian Sate Archives
Week14: Jewish community in the Republic of Croatia.
Week15: Conclusion

Bibliography:

  1. Židovi na tlu Jugoslavije, katalog izložbe, Zagreb: Muzejski prostor Zagreb, 1988. (odabrana poglavlja)
  2. Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj, Zagreb: Židovska općina, 1998. (odabrana poglavlja)
  3. Ivo Goldstein, Židovi u Zagrebu 1918.-1941., Zagreb: Novi liber, 2004. (odabrana poglavlja)
  4. Zlata Živaković Kerže, Židovi u Osijeku, 1918.-1941., Osijek: Židovska općina Osijek, 2005. (odabrana poglavlja)
  5. Ivo Goldstein – Slavko Goldstein, Holokaust u Zagrebu, Zagreb: Novi liber, Židovska općina Zagreb, 2001. (odabrana poglavlja)
  6. Antisemitizam, Holokaust, Antifašizam, Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb, 1996. (odabrana poglavlja)
  7. Naida-Mihal Brandl, Židovi u Hrvatskoj od 1944/5. do 1952. godine, Zagreb, 2015. (neobjavljena doktorska disertacija)

Additional bibliography:

  1. Melita Švob, Židovi u Hrvatskoj – židovske zajednice, Izvori, Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb, 2004.
  2. Odabrani članci na Omegi