History in orientated secondary
schools in Albania
School Year 1999-2000 was the beginning of an important 4 years’
experimentation about orientated secondary schools. In reality the orientated
schools don’t exist yet but after this experiment all secondary schools are
supposed to be orientated in two directions: scientific and social ones.
According to this new profile, every subject will be reorganized having new
syllabuses a modern content, new teaching methods and a new teaching technology.
Position of History in Orientated Secondary School (Scientific and Social
In first two years of orientated secondary school (grades IX and X, both
scientific and social directions) the number of classes per week is the same
(2,2). Orientation of school begins in grade III. In grades III and IV number of
classes per week is not the same in all schools. In social direction, grade III,
number of classes per week is 3 instead of 2 in scientific direction. In grade
IV (social direction) is 4 instead of 2 (scientific direction).
Compared with general secondary school, the content is the same but the
historical knowledge is more in breadth and in depth.
||World History (Ancient history,Middle Age)
||World History (Modern history- till the end of 19th Century)
|XI (social &
scientific profile )
|World History (Contemporary History, 20th Century)
|XII (social &
scientific profile )
In grade IX, compared with the traditional syllabus, the new one is
A more balanced ratio among politic, diplomatic and military aspects on
one hand and economical, cultural and social ones on the other.
A more balanced ratio between Ancient and Middle Age Period (26 and 29
Study of a bigger number of countries and peoples who have given an
important contribute in the World Civilization like Phoenician etc.
Prediction of 4 Classes of tests.
In grade X a new syllabus puts a special emphasis on European Identity.
Instead of 22 chapters that previous one had, now historical knowledge is
organized only in ten chapters such as :
||Society at the beginning of the Modern Period
||Consolidation of New Monarchies
||Changes in Social and Economical Life during 17th - 18th
||New Nations and New Ideas
||Reaction and Progress in 1815 -1850
||Nationalism and Realism, 1850-1871
||Ottoman Empire an Balkans in 16th Century -1900
||Beginning of Governing of Liberal Democracy 1871-1900
||Asiatic and African Countries in Modern Times
||Civilization on the eve of 20th Century
Grade XI (social profile)
The most important changes in the new syllabus consist in:
Its thematic-chronological character
A bigger number of classes in disposal of teachers and tests
Reflection of very important matters which are characteristic of 20th
such as “Western Civilization at the beginning of 20th Century”, “European
Civilization at the beginning of 20th Century”etc.
More space to treat economical, scientific, cultural and religious
developments and other actual global matters improving in that way ratio
between different aspects of history of human society.
Grade XI (scientific profile )
Similar important changes are realized such as :
Important new conception of studied historical period
A satisfaction number of classes in disposal of teachers and tests
Grade XII (social profile )
Some important changes are:
New conception of history
Prediction of some classes about local history (4 classes)
Prediction of some classes about visits in museum (4 classes)
General revision and preparing for National Examination in the end of
school year (14 classes).
Grade XII (scientific profile )
It is a chronological one but reflect the most important moments of
National History only.