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Adrian Papajani

History in orientated secondary schools in Albania



School Year 1999-2000 was the beginning of an important 4 years’ experimentation about orientated secondary schools. In reality the orientated schools don’t exist yet but after this experiment all secondary schools are supposed to be orientated in two directions: scientific and social ones. According to this new profile, every subject will be reorganized having new syllabuses a modern content, new teaching methods and a new teaching technology.

Position of History in Orientated Secondary School (Scientific and Social Directions)

In first two years of orientated secondary school (grades IX and X, both scientific and social directions) the number of classes per week is the same (2,2). Orientation of school begins in grade III. In grades III and IV number of classes per week is not the same in all schools. In social direction, grade III, number of classes per week is 3 instead of 2 in scientific direction. In grade IV (social direction) is 4 instead of 2 (scientific direction).


Compared with general secondary school, the content is the same but the historical knowledge is more in breadth and in depth.



IX World History (Ancient history,Middle Age)
X World History (Modern history- till the end of 19th Century)
XI (social &
scientific profile )
World History (Contemporary History, 20th Century)
XII (social &
scientific profile )
National History


In grade IX, compared with the traditional syllabus, the new one is characterized by:

  • A more balanced ratio among politic, diplomatic and military aspects on one hand and economical, cultural and social ones on the other.
  • A more balanced ratio between Ancient and Middle Age Period (26 and 29 classes)
  • Study of a bigger number of countries and peoples who have given an important contribute in the World Civilization like Phoenician etc.
  • Prediction of 4 Classes of tests.
  • In grade X a new syllabus puts a special emphasis on European Identity. Instead of 22 chapters that previous one had, now historical knowledge is organized only in ten chapters such as :



    I Society at the beginning of the Modern Period
    II Consolidation of New Monarchies
    III Changes in Social and Economical Life during 17th - 18th Centuries
    IV New Nations and New Ideas
    V Reaction and Progress in 1815 -1850
    VI Nationalism and Realism, 1850-1871
    VII Ottoman Empire an Balkans in 16th Century -1900
    VIII Beginning of Governing of Liberal Democracy 1871-1900
    IX Asiatic and African Countries in Modern Times
    X Civilization on the eve of 20th Century

    Grade XI (social profile)

    The most important changes in the new syllabus consist in:

  • Its thematic-chronological character
  • A bigger number of classes in disposal of teachers and tests
  • Reflection of very important matters which are characteristic of 20th Century
  • such as “Western Civilization at the beginning of 20th Century”, “European Civilization at the beginning of 20th Century”etc.
  • More space to treat economical, scientific, cultural and religious developments and other actual global matters improving in that way ratio between different aspects of history of human society.
  • Grade XI (scientific profile )

    Similar important changes are realized such as :

  • Important new conception of studied historical period
  • A satisfaction number of classes in disposal of teachers and tests
  • Grade XII (social profile )

    Some important changes are:

  • New conception of history
  • Prediction of some classes about local history (4 classes)
  • Prediction of some classes about visits in museum (4 classes)
  • General revision and preparing for National Examination in the end of school year (14 classes).
  • Grade XII (scientific profile )

  • It is a chronological one but reflect the most important moments of National History only.
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