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Albania

TEACHING HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY AND CIVICS IN ALBANIA

(Questionnaire answered by Adrian Papajani)

1. Are history, geography and civic education taught in your schools as separate subjects? Please specify grades, types of schools and age of pupils.

2. How many hours per week is dedicated to these subjects?

3. What history periods are dealt with in certain grades? What teaching matter is dealt with in particular grades, as other subjects are concerned?

 

History, geography and civic education are taught in Albanian schools as separated subjects in compulsory education (grades 1-8, age 7-14 years old) and in secondary schools as well as follows:

 

COMPULSORY EDUCATION

(Grades 1-8, age 7-14 years old)

 

HISTORY

Grade IV

Pupilsí age 9-10, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2,

Historical period: National History (Ancient-Now a days).

 

Grade V

Pupilsí age 10-11, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2,

Historical period: World Ancient -Middle Age (16th Century)

 

Grade VI

Pupilsí age 11-12, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2,

Historical period: Middle Age (17th Century)-1918

 

Grade VII

Pupilsí age 12-13, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2,

Historical period: 1918- 90í

 

Grade VIII

Pupilsí age 13-14, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2,

Historical period: National History (Ancient-Now a days).

 

 

 

GEOGRAPHY

Grade V

Pupilsí age 10-11, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 1, sort of Geography: Elements of physical, economical, and National Geography

 

Grade VI

Pupilsí age 11-12, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2, sort of Geography: Elements of physical, economical, and National Geography.

 

Grade VII

Pupilsí age 12-13, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2, sort of Geography: World Geography.

 

Grade VIII

Pupilsí age 13-14, Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 2, sort of Geography: National Geography.

 

 

CIVIC EDUCATION

 

From grade I (6-7 years old) to grade VIII:

Class weeks per year 34, hours per week 1

 

 

GENERAL HIGH SCHOOL

 

HISTORY

 

Grade IX

Studentsí age 14-15, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, Historical period:

World Ancient -Middle Age (16th Century)

 

Grade X

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, Historical period:

World Modern History (16th Century-1918)

 

Grade XI

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, Historical period:

World Contemporary History (1918 - Now a days).

 

Grade XII

Studentsí age 17-18, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, Historical period:

National History (Ancient-Now a days).

 

 

GEOGRAPHY

 

Grade IX

Studentsí age 14-15, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 3, sort of Geography:

General Physical Geography.

 

Grade X

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography :

Geography of States of World.

 

Grade XI

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography :

National Geography.

 

KNOWLEDGE ABOUT SOCIETY (CIVIC EDUCATION)

 

Grade IX

Studentsí age 14-15, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Grade X

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

 

VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS 3 YEARS TERM

 

HISTORY

 

Grade XI

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, Historical period :

National History (Ancient-Now a days).

 

VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS 5 YEARS TERM

 

HISTORY

 

Grade XI

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, Historical period :

National History (Ancient-Now a days).

 

 

GEOGRAPHY

Speciality : Economy-Bank, Economist of Insurance, Economist of impost

Grade IX

 

Studentsí age 14-15, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography: National Geography.

 

Speciality : Car, Business, Electronic

Grade X

 

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography:

National Geography.

 

Speciality: Forest, Silviculture, Veterinary

Grade X

 

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography:

National Geography.

 

 

Grade XI

 

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography:

World Geography

 

Speciality: Agro-Business

Grade IX

 

Studentsí age 14-15, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography:

General Physical Geography.

 

Grade X

 

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography:

Geography of States of World.

 

Grade XI

 

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2, sort of Geography:

National Geography.

 

KNOWLEDGE ABOUT SOCIETY (CIVIC EDUCATION)

 

Speciality: Economy-Bank, Economist of Insurance, Economist of impost, Tourism, Car, Business, General Mechanic, Electric

Grade X

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Speciality: Food Technology, Technician of Building, Geodesy, Agro-Business

 

Grade IX

Studentsí age 14-15, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Grade X

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Speciality: Forest, Silviculture, Veterinary

Grade X

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Grade XI

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Speciality: General Electronic

Grade IX

Studentsí age 14-15, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Grade X

Studentsí age 15-16, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

Grade XI

Studentsí age 16-17, class weeks per year 35, hours per week 2

 

 

4. Is national history/ geography taught separately or parallel with general history / geography?

 

National history is taught as an integrated subject with General history in all grades with the exception of grade IV, VIII, XII.

National Geography is taught as an integrated subject with General Geography

in grades V, VI only.

 

5. Is the National Curriculum for these subjects general or detailed? Is the elaboration of the curriculum left to teachers or is it regulated by the Ministry of Education?

National Curricula for all above-mentioned subjects is very detailed, official and compulsory to be applied by teachers. Compilation or elaboration of National Curricula is a competence of Institute of Pedagogical Studies only, ordered by the Ministry of Education.

6. Are there alternative textbooks for above-mentioned subjects? Do they need approval from the Ministry of Education?

7. Are teachers free to choose among different textbooks (in countries where parallel and alternative textbooks exist)? If not, specify who makes a decision: Ministry of Education, local government, school principals, parents, pupils?

Donít exist any alternative textbook for all of 3 above-mentioned subjects. There is only one official textbook

8. What are the main problems of teaching history, geography and civics in your country?

a-School Buildings.

Ultimately more than 60% of school buildings in Albania are reconstructed and a big part of the rest are in process, but because of transition in urban areas of country ar e concentrated numerous population and as a consequence of this classrooms are overpopulated . In some Gimnasium in Tirana for instance, there are about 48-50 students in one classroom.

b- Teachers, teaching approaches and didactic materials

Traditional methods are predominant but a lot of teachers are trained with new teaching approaches. Because of emigration, a very serious problem for the moment is the great number of teachers without complete education, especially in rural area. In national level they are approximately about 30% of total number of teachers. Young teachers after university are not motivated financially to go in rural areas.

A lot of modern didactic materials such as historical and geographical maps, atlases etc are being produced by various private enterprises but because of high prices or lack of financial means from schools the last are not equipped enough.

 

 

 

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